Skin infection can present in various forms as follow. Consult a doctor or dermatologist who is trained to diagnose based on their clinical appearance in order to receive the appropriate treatments.
These are caused by a superficial fungal infection of the skin under certain conditions, such as increased warmth and moist environment. Typically occurs on the torso, upper arms and thighs, appearing slightly scaly and white. It can also appear as brown or salmon pink patches. These patches usually do not cause any symptoms, but they can be itchy occasionally, especially with sweating.
White spots are generally treated with an anti-fungal cream or lotion. In severe cases and when creams or lotions are ineffective, oral medication may be used.
It is a fungal infection of the skin that is characterized by scaly, reddish, “ring-shaped patches” often forming complete rings with raised borders.
Accurate diagnosis is important and treatment with anti-fungal medication usually solves the problem. But recurrence is common!
This is a fungal infection of the skin of the feet. Athlete’s foot normally begins as scaling and cracking. As the infection worsens, softening of the skin, redness, itchiness and foul-smelling odour occurs.
Athletes are particularly susceptible to this infection because of persistently moist feet due to heavy perspiration in the feet and tight-fitting shoes. Anti-fungal treatments can be effective in treating this condition.
This is inflamed and pus-filled areas of skin that look like oversized pimples. They can develop anywhere on the body, but predominantly in areas like the armpit, breasts, buttocks, face, genitals and neck. It often occurs through infection of a hair follicle. The pus that collects contains bacteria and is highly infectious.
Boils normally rupture on their own. Alternatively, consult a doctor or dermatologist to drain the pus and cover the area with a dressing. A course of antibiotics may be prescribed by your doctor to treat the infection
Impetigo usually appears as yellowish-brown crusted sore around the nose, mouth, hands and forearms in young children. This is a contagious superficial skin infection. Diagnosis is usually based on the clinical appearance of the skin lesions and confirmed by bacterial isolation test. Impetigo typically responds well to treatment with antibiotic cream or oral antibiotics.
Herpes Simplex virus (HSV) is a common viral infection of the skin and mucous membranes. It causes small blisters with red inflammation on the skin. Once infected, HSV will settle in the body’s nervous system and it may be reactivated at variable intervals to produce blisters at the same location. This infection responds well to prescriptive anti-viral medication.
Shingles, also known as Herpes Zoster, is a painful blistering rash caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV), the same virus that causes chickenpox. After the chickenpox is cleared, the virus remains dormant in the body’s nervous system. During the shingles attack, the virus is reactivated and it travels along the nerve. It usually affects only one side of the face or body, appearing as a band of blisters following the path of the nerve. Shingles are more common in elderly patients and people who are weakened by medical treatment or disease. Early treatment with prescriptive anti-viral medication is important. This will minimize the nerve damage and the complication of suffering for nerve pain in the long run. To prevent shingles, a vaccine is now available for people above 50 years of age.
Molluscum Contagiosum is a common viral infection of the skin. It is caused by a poxvirus and the virus can easily spread from person to person, and by the sharing of towels or clothes. Molluscum usually appears as multiple small, flesh-coloured or pink, dome-shaped skin growths with a small indentation in the centre. They are often found in clusters on the skin.
They often occur in young children, especially among siblings. Molluscum can also be sexually transmitted if growths are present in the genital area.
The infection will eventually resolve on its own without leaving a scar. Therefore, it is an option, especially with young children, not to treat, and to wait for the growths to go away on their own. Parents must be warned that because the growths can easily spread from one area of the skin to another, some growths may appear as others are going away. It may take six months to five years for all of the skin growths to go away. Treatment options include topical creams, needle pricking and cryotherapy.
Unlike impetigo, cellulitis is a deeper infection of the skin usually caused by the same bacteria. Cellulitis usually appears as an area of redness, swelling and tenderness and may be associated with fever when it is more severe and extensive. It can occur in people of any age, but it is more common in the elderly and in patients with diabetes mellitus. Cellulitis is treated with oral or intravenous antibiotics.
Dr Wong Soon Tee is a MOH accredited Dermatologist for more than 20 years. Consult Dr Wong for accurate diagnosis & effective treatment now. Call Assurance Skin Clinic at +65 6694 1121 for an appointment.